parse YAML  on bash script

parse YAML on bash script

A fast way to parse yaml file inside a bash/shell script

Esli Silva
·Jul 31, 2022·

1 min read

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How to parse and use the YAML file in bash/shell script

Create this function:

function parse_yaml {
    local prefix=$2
    local s='[[:space:]]*' w='[a-zA-Z0-9_]*' fs=$(echo @|tr @ '\034')
    sed -ne "s|^\($s\):|\1|" \
        -e "s|^\($s\)\($w\)$s:$s[\"']\(.*\)[\"']$s\$|\1$fs\2$fs\3|p" \
        -e "s|^\($s\)\($w\)$s:$s\(.*\)$s\$|\1$fs\2$fs\3|p"  $1 |
    awk -F$fs '{
        indent = length($1)/2;
        vname[indent] = $2;
        for (i in vname) {if (i > indent) {delete vname[i]}}
        if (length($3) > 0) {
            vn=""; for (i=0; i<indent; i++) {vn=(vn)(vname[i])("_")}
            printf("%s%s%s=\"%s\"\n", "'$prefix'",vn, $2, $3);

At the beginning of your script, call eval to concate arguments.

eval $(parse_yaml config.yml "CONFIG_")

This eval line will put CONFIG_ in front of each variable found in config.yml (it is the \$2 and $prefix in function parse_yaml) line 4 and line 15 from my .

The config.yaml is on the same path that the .sh. Therefore, you can create or modify the function to another YAML file (or add a variable) and change the prefix.

Each value from yml will be separated by "_" on your script call.


    elementB: valueB

And echo "$CONFIG_keyA_elementB" will return valueB

Repo parse_yaml-with-bash: